The United Kingdom (UK) is one of the most beautiful destinations for tourist in Europe. It’s blessed with a treasure of landscapes which include beautiful beaches and serene lakes. There are a wide range of other tourist attractions in United Kingdom such as royal palaces, art galleries, museums, castles, cathedrals, mansions, national parks and more, all of which adds to the charm that many people find appealing enough to visit all year round from across the world. However, these attractions are not the only things that draw tourists to this country as a number of them visit just to experience its unique and interesting cultural heritage. Read on to know more about the heritage and culture in United Kingdom. United Kingdom consists of four countries, England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
The first three form Great Britain. At different times throughout history, the United Kingdom has been called Great Britain or the British Isles. The country has a very long history that involves several different invasions which includes the Romans making a brief entry in 55 B.C.E.
During 1066, the UK area had been part of the Norman Conquest that aided in its political and cultural development. Much of its heritage is well-known for the British Empire, the continuous global trade and development that started early towards the fourteenth century as well as the Industrial Revolution during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Most people know about the great cultural heritage of the United Kingdom because it’s an ancient land that is filled with incredible historic monuments, arts and some of the top museums in the world. UK’s culture reflects the distinctive and varied influence of the different traditions and customs of the four countries.
More Details of the Heritage and Culture in United Kingdom The majority of the people follow Christianity in the UK, with most of them being Protestant Christians. Therefore, the country has many renowned churches and cathedrals and minsters . Other communities are Roman Catholics, Hindus, Jews, Buddhists and Muslims. United Kingdom does not have an official language of such, but about 90% of the population communicates in English.
Therefore, English is regarded as the official language. The individual countries in the United Kingdom favour their indigenous languages, so Scottish Gaelic, Welsh and Cornish are also spoken commonly along with English. The cuisine in the UK encompasses cooking traditions of the different countries, all reflecting the cultural influences of the colonial and post-war eras. It boasts a rich variety of dishes which include staple foods such as chicken, pork, beef, fish and lamb, served along with potatoes and various other vegetables. Fish and chips, pies, roasts, trifles and sandwiches are the most popular dishes. Some of the foods with geographical influence are Yorkshire pudding, Welsh rarebit, Cheshire cheese and Arbroath Smokie. The United Kingdom has no national dress code. Wales has a national dress which is made up of a long skirt that is worn with a shawl and petticoat. Scotland has the Kilt as their national dress.
When it comes to the traditions and customs of costumes they are associated with specific people such as the Queen’s Guard or Beefeater. There are many centuries old events and festivals celebrated in the United Kingdom. Some of the major festivals are Christmas, Thanksgiving, Easter and Halloween. Christmas started in England in AD 596 at the time when Christianity was brought to the English shores by St. Augustine. Tradionally , the Christmas dinner consists of roast turkey that is served with a sauce and vegetables. It’s worth mentioning that Thanksgiving festival forms the harvest festival in the UK. The origin can be traced back to 1620 and the custom of using home grown produce to decorate the church continues today. The Thanksgiving dinner in UK includes turkey, cranberries, mashed potatoes and olives. New Year, Halloween and Plough Monday is celebrated in January; Harvest Festival in the month of September and Bonfire Night and Remembrance Day is in November.
As it pertains to literature, the majority is written in the English language. However, there are also some literary works which are written in Scottish, Welsh, Cornish, Latin, Scottish Gaelic and other native languages. Many world-famous poets and authors come from the United Kingdom and these include William Shakespeare, William Wordsworth, Lord Byron, George Bernard Shaw, Thomas Hardy, Jane Austen and William Golding. Still on the arts, the May dance, Morris dance, Rapper Sword or Long Sword dance are England’s folk dances. Scotland has traditional dances which include Jigs, Waltzes, Reels and Strathspeys. The United Kingdom also makes significant contributions to classical music and is home to many renowned composers, including John Taverner, Edward Elgar, William Byrd, and William Walton. In addition to that, UK has made great contributions to Rock music development. This is the home of many world-famous bands such as The Rolling Stones, The Beatles, Manic Street Preachers, Black Sabbath and Judas Priest. The heritage and culture in United Kingdom is very rich, so hopefully the above mentioned information will help you to know more about this diverse nation.