Scotland is well-known for its scenic beauty and rich, unique cultural heritage. If you are planning to visit, this article will tell you about the heritage and culture in Scotland.
Located in the northern region of Great Britain, Scotland’s mainland makes up part of the island and it’s surrounded by a number of islands. Every area in this country has a historical background. There are a number of historic sites such as the Stone Age, Iron Age and Bronze Age castles, burial chambers, sepulchers and standing stones. Some of the great examples of Scotland’s rich heritage can be found in the beautiful castles in Crathes Village (Aberdeenshire), Bothwell (Glasgow), and Palace of Holyroodhouse (Edinburgh), the official residence of the British monarch.
More About Heritage and Culture in Scotland
When you talk about Scotland, you cannot separate the people from their rich culture that is visible in arts and crafts, music, clothing and sports. Their lifestyle gives a look into their rich culture and unique heritage.
Arts and Crafts:
This country is renowned for Celtic art that is in the form of artworks, silverwork and jewelry. In the early twentieth century, during the Celtic Art golden age, impressive carved stone crosses and monuments were made on the West Coast (the Isle of Iona). Scotland is also known for its contemporary arts, sculptures, crafts, landscapes and paintings. The Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art houses an outstanding collection of sculptures, paintings, prints and modern works of artists. The National Museum of Scotland is also well-known for its amazing art collections which showcases 4000-year-old, Bronze Age carved stone balls, artifacts and carvings, ornamental gold items and religious carvings as well as illuminated manuscripts from the medieval times.
Scotland is well-known for its traditional folk music that has influenced musical genres across the world. The music range from bagpipers to the contemporary folk music and is still entertaining people. This country has made a lot of contributions to the music world. For instance, a unique group called MacUmba is based in Scotland and they are known for fusing the traditional Scottish bagpipes sounds with Brazilian musical rhythms. Some rock bands such as Runrig and Wolfestone from Scotland have also made a mark in music worldwide.
Dancers and Bagpipers are always a delight to take in at gatherings. People can get a glimpse of the Scottish culture at their annual festival which is called the Scottish Highland games. There are Highland dances which are based on ancient folk customs. In the past, these dances were performed only by Scottish men, but women also perform them today. The oldest traditional forms of Scotland Highland dances are Highland Fling and Sword dance.
The people of Scotland love sports and these actives makes up an important part of their unique culture. Scotland is the home of golfing, but many people also have a great passion for soccer. They enjoy many traditional sports as well such as hammer throwing, pole tossing, heavy and light athletics and wrestling.
One cannot look at the heritage and culture in Scotland without mentioning their food. Barley, oats and dairy products are mainstays in diets of people in the urban and rural areas of Scotland. The women are well-known for their baking and cooking skills. People usually grow vegetables of their own and use the produce to prepare various stews and soups. The Scots also love their tea and porridge is a staple food for breakfast.
Several traditional Scottish recipes include the cake that is served for New Year (Black Bun), double crusted meat pie (Scotch Pie), smoked salmon, shortbread oatcakes, and haggis from sheep’s pluck.
Scotland is known worldwide for its famous cheese, dairy products, shellfish (oysters and lobsters), Aberdeen-Angus, whisky and a beef cattle breed that is known for its tasty and rich meat.
A Celtic tribe, called the Picts, is the first inhabitants of Scotland. Scots or Scottish people are ethnic groups indigenous to the country. The vibrant people of this country uphold strong traditions today. Historically, the Scots are associated with different languages which include Norse, Pictish, Brythonic and Norman-French, but they are not used today. Today, the Scottish English which is an English Language dialect is spoken widely. Crofters or farmers live in Scotland’s islands and Highlands, the northwestern hilly areas. Formal education is very important to the Scots and they are known for having a wonderful sense of humor.
Scottish clothing is based on kilt and tartan. A kilt is their traditional dress and it’s made with tartan patterns, which includes vertical stripes interlocking horizontally and vertically in multiple colours. Both women and men wear the Scottish kilt as formal attire on special occasions or to the Highland events or games.
Scotland followed Judaism throughout the middle ages. Many follow Christianity, but other religions are practiced in recent times. These include Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism and Buddhism.
After finding about the rich heritage and culture in Scotland, there is no doubt that you will want to plan a trip soon to explore the culture, food and people.